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《工程塑料应用》 2019年第10期
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3539.2019.10.009
打印参数对FDM成型ABS制品性能的影响
陈延凯1,史廷春2,张建辉1
1.杭州电子科技大学机械工程学院,杭州 310018; 2.杭州电子科技大学生物医学工程与仪器科学学院,杭州 310018 
Influence of Printing Parameters on Properties of Fused Deposition Modeling ABS Samples
Chen Yankai1, Shi Tingchun2, Zhang Jianhui1
1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China; 2. School of Biomedical Engineering and Instrumentation Science, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China 
摘要:为了提高熔融沉积制造(FDM)成型制品的质量,采用正交试验的方法研究分层厚度、成型室温度、填充间隔以及扫描次数对丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯(ABS)制品表面粗糙度和拉伸强度的影响,通过对测量数据进行极差和方差分析,评估出各工艺参数对制品表面粗糙度和拉伸强度的影响顺序及显著性水平,给出了最优化工艺参数组合。实验结果表明,各工艺参数对制品表面粗糙度和拉伸强度的影响程度存在差异,其中对表面质量影响程度为:分层厚度>成型室温度>填充间隔>扫描次数,最优化参数组合为成型室温度80℃,分层厚度0.17 mm,填充间隔6,扫描次数2。对拉伸强度影响程度为:分层厚度>填充间隔>扫描次数>成型室温度,最优化参数组合为成型室温度80℃,分层厚度0.30 mm,填充间隔4,扫描次数4。研究内容对优化3D打印参数、提高制品成型质量具有一定的指导意义。 
Abstract:To improve the molding quality of fused deposition modeling (FDM) products, the influence of layer thickness, molding room temperature, filling gap and scanning times on the surface roughness and tensile strength of ABS printed products was studied by using the orthogonal experimental design method. By analyzing range and ANOVA of the measured data, the influence order and significance level of each process parameter on the surface roughness and tensile strength of printed products were evaluated, and the optimal combination of process parameters was given. The experimental results show that the influence of various process parameters on the surface roughness and tensile strength of printed samples is different. The sequence of the magnitude of effect of the four factors on the surface quality is as follows: layer thickness, molding room temperature, filling gap and scanning times. The combinations of optimal levels are as follows: molding room temperature 80℃, layer thickness 0.17 mm, filling gap 6 and scanning times 2. The sequence of the magnitude of effect of the four factors on the tensile properties is as follows: layer thickness, filling gap, scanning times and molding room temperature. The combinations of optimal levels are as follows: molding room temperature 80℃, layer thickness 0.30 mm, filling gap 4 and scanning times 4. The research has certain guiding significance for optimizing 3D printing parameters and improving the molding quality of products. 
关键词:熔融沉积制造;打印参数;正交试验;表面粗糙度;拉伸强度 
Keywords:fused deposition modeling; printing parameter; orthogonal experiment; surface roughness; tensile strength 
基金:浙江省科技厅重大科技专项计划项目(2015C01035),浙江省科技厅重点研发项目计划项目(2017C01019) 
本文引用格式:
陈延凯,史廷春,张建辉.打印参数对FDM成型ABS制品性能的影响[J].工程塑料应用,2019,47(10):47-52.
Chen Yankai,Shi Tingchun,Zhang Jianhui. Influence of printing parameters on properties of fused deposition modeling ABS samples[J]. Engineering Plastics Application,2019,47(10):47-52. 

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